WWII Medical Battalion Operation :
In combat
Operation : in combat, 2 (or more) Company Aidmen of the Company Aid Squad are usually assigned to each
Rifle Company to dress wounds and provide first aid . Each man is equipped with two canvas pouches containing
first-aid packets, bandages, emergency medical tags, and other medical items necessary for administering first aid .
An EMT is attached to the clothing of an injured man, on it the Company Aidman enters name, organization, brief
description of injury and treatment given, the tag remains with the patient until he is ready for duty or reaches a
Fixed Hospital . Litter Bearers carry wounded unable to walk to the Battalion Aid Station for further treatment by
local personnel . They also maintain contact with the Companies in front of them, direct and assist ambulant sick
and wounded to the Aid Station, assist the Aid Station Squad in moving and re-establishing the Aid Station, and,
when necessary, administer first-aid treatment . The slightly wounded are sent back to their Companies . Aid
Station lists are prepared giving data on casualties passing thru the Station and their disposition . Serious casualties
requiring evacuation to Hospitals are held at the Aid Station site until picked up by Collecting Companies
personnel or Ambulances of the Division Medical Battalion . Walking wounded are directed to Collecting Stations
. Only emergency treatment is given at Aid Stations, i.e. hemorrhage is stopped, bandages re-adjusted, wounds re-
dressed, if necessary, and emergency medical tags verified ! Items such as litters, blankets, and splints, which
accompany evacuated casualties to the rear, are automatically replaced . When Ambulances or Litter Bearers from
the Division unit return to the Regiment, they bring along items of equipment corresponding to the ones taken out
on previous trips Â…

Sources: FM 7-30 Infantry Field Manual, Service Company and Medical Detachment (Supply & Evacuation)
Rifle Regiment, July 18, 1941

During WWII, the Rifle Infantry Regiment was entirely composed of INFANTRYMEN, the only exception being
the attached medical personnel – responsible for treatment of wounded in the field, and in the combat zone
T/O 7-11 OCTOBER 1, 1940
Commissioned Personnel (10)
1 X Major (Regimental Surgeon)
5 X Captain (including 2 Dental Officer)
4 X First Lieutenant (including 1 Dental Officer)
Enlisted Personnel (96)
1 X Technical Sergeant
3 X Staff Sergeant
1 X Sergeant
88 X Private & Private, First Class (including record clerk, motorcyclist, chauffeur, litter bearer, basic aidman,
medical technician, sanitary technician, surgical technician, and dental technician personnel)
Vehicles (17)
1 X Motorcycle with Side Car (to provide transportation for personnel engaged in reconnaissance, messenger
service, and police operations)
2 X Truck, ½ Ton, Command & Reconnaissance (to provide transportation for staff officers in the field)
12 X Truck, ½ Ton, Weapon Carrier (to transport weapons, personnel and cargo)
2 X Truck, 1 ½ Ton, Cargo (to transport general cargo and personnel)
T/O 7-11 FEBRUARY 10, 1942
Commissioned Personnel (10)
1 X Major
5 X Captain (including 1 Dental Officer)
4 X First Lieutenant (including 1 Dental Officer)
Enlisted Personnel (96)
1 X Technical Sergeant
3 X Staff Sergeant
1 X Sergeant
3 X Corporal
88 X Private & Private, First Class
Vehicles (17)
1 X Morcycle with Side Car (to provide transportation for personnel engaged in reconnaissance, messenger
service, and police operations)
2 X Truck, ½ Ton, Command & Reconnaissance (including 1 with front mounted power operated winch) (to
provide transportation for staff officers in the field)
12 X Truck, ½ Ton, Weapon Carrier (including 6 with front mounted power operated winch) (to transport
weapons, personnel and cargo)
2 X Truck, 2 ½ Ton, Cargo (to transport general cargo)

T/O 7-11 FEBRUARY 1944
Commissioned Personnel (9)
1 X Major (MOS=3500)
8 X Captain, or First Lieutenant (including 2 Dental Officer (MOS=3170) + 6 X General Duty Medical Officer
(MOS=3100))
Enlisted Personnel (126)
1 X Technical Sergeant (MOS=673)
3 X Staff Sergeant (MOS=673)
1 X Sergeant (MOS=673)
3 X Corporal (MOS=673)
118 X Private & Private, First Class (MOS=405, 345, 657, 422, 409, 835, 196, 861, 521)
Vehicles (15)
7 X Trailer, ¼ Ton (to transport general cargo on land or through water)
7 X Truck, ¼ Ton (to carry personnel,primarily for reconnaissance, to transport light cargo, to tow 37-mm
antitank gun)
1 X Truck, 2 ½ Ton, Cargo (to transport general cargo)
T/O & E 7-11 FEBRUARY 26, 1944 - Manpower distribution within Medical Detachment, i.e. 1 Headquarters
Section + 3 Battalion Sections
HEADQUARTERS SECTION (X 1) (modification MARCH 1944, commissioned personnel is reduced to 1 X
Major + 1 X Captain)
Commissioned Personnel (3)
1 X Major (Detachment Commander)
2 X Captain (i.e. 2 Dental Officer)
Enlisted Personnel (30)
1 X Technical Sergeant
1 X Sergeant
28 X Private & Private, First Class
Vehicles (3)
1 X Trailer, ¼ Ton (to transport general cargo on land or through water)
1 X Truck, ¼ Ton (to carry personnel, primarily for reconnaissance, to transport light cargo, to tow 37-mm
antitank gun)
1 X Truck, 2 ½ Ton, Cargo (to transport general cargo and personnel)
BATTALION SECTION (X 3) (modification MARCH 1944 commissioned personnel is changed to 1 X Captain
+ 1 X First Lieutenant)
Commissioned Personnel (2)
2 X Captain (Section Leader)
Enlisted Personnel (32)
1 X Staff Sergeant
1 X Corporal
30 X Private & Private, First Class (including 12 litter bearers / section)
Vehicles (4)
2 X Trailer, ¼ Ton (to transport general cargo on land or through water)
2 X Truck, ¼ Ton (to carry personnel, primarily for reconnaissance, to transport light cargo, to tow 37-mm
antitank gun)
REMARK
The Medical Detachment provided 3 aid men for the Regimental Antitank Company, 3 for the Regimental Cannon
Company, 1 for the Regimental Headquarters & Headquarters Company, and 1 for the Regimental Service
Company, 12 aid men were provided as follows – 1 per rifle platoon and 1 per heavy weapons platoon .
When talking about Collecting (3) & Clearing Companies (1), it should be noted that these units, were entirely
staffed by medical personnel, since they were part of the Medical Battalion !
M.O.S. or Military Occupational Specialist (Serial Number) indicates occupational specialists designations, this is
represented by identifying numbers which group military personnel engaged in specific activities – the numbers
are used in conjunction with T/E (Table of Equipment) in order to establish the basis for issue of certain items of
clothing or equipment
T/O & E 7 designation (Table of Organization & Equipment) belongs to Class 7 which identifies a Combat unit
(and not a combat support unit, as one might think when considering the Medical Detachment)
It should be noted that some sources dealing with T/O, and T/O & E sometimes indicate different figures Â…
Sources: T/O 7-11 October 1 1940, T/O 7-11 February 10 1942, T/O 7-11 February 26 1944, 1944-45 Army
Regulations AR 615-26, TM 12-250 Administration February 10 1942, TM 9-2800 Standard Military Motor
Vehicles 1 September 1943 (all documents belong to the authorÂ’s private collection)
114th Medical Battalion
WWII Reenactors
26th Infantry "Yankee" Division
BELOW: a medic is attached to a rifle squad
BELOW: Field Hospital and Ambulance